Arhivele Totalitarismului Totalitarianism Archives. Publishing House: Institutul National pentru Studiul Totalitarismului Subject(s): History Frequency: 4 issues. Arhivele Totalitarismului (Totalitarianism Archives) is a peer-reviewed academic journal published by the National Institute for the Study of Totalitarianism of the. CALL FOR PAPERS Arhivele Totalitarismului/Totalitarianism Archives Arhivele TotalitarismuluI/Totalitarianism Archives is a peer-reviewed academic journal.
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Page 1 2 newer. What led to the disappearence of the Soviet system was not a military defeat but its incapacity to keep the pace with the economical advance of the Western world.
The breakdown of the Communism was seen as a miracle by millions of people whose lives changed profoundly. Besides this perception, the change in system was also an inexorable phenomenon imposed by the laws of history. According to these laws oppression makes people fight for their freedom and a coercitive system can function only as long as it is economically and socially viable.
Once the collapse began, it could not be stopped. That was the way the Communist system broke down and all Eastern European nations won back their freedom. Dan Berindei – Historian, vice president of the Romanian Academy. Ortodoxy and subsidiarity are two visions that focus on the human person. The option for a too hierarchical Church in the post-communist period overlooks all debates on subsidiarity, although the Romanian context keeps the memory of subsidiarity stored in the interbelic trunck.
The thinker, who lived the last decade of his life during the Communist regime, felt the need to explain, revise and re-analyze his philosophical and political ideas and attitudes.
His notebooks, first published only 40 years after his death, contain valuable and interesting information, relevant for a proper understanding of the Romanian culture, society and their destiny after the events on August, 23, This paper is an overview of the main political, legal, and institutional frameworks in which the Communist regime, seating in Romania fromimposed the collectivization of agriculture to the Romanian peasantry.
The author points out also on human sufferings of that Soviet-inspired policies. Mentioning the countless number of victims, the collectivization destroyed the normal development of the Romanian agriculture with difficult consequences to this day. During a meeting with a R. Romanian Intellectuals in the Communism Archives, Nemiraco-author. In a second wave of collectivization hit the Hungarian peasant household.
In order to achieve their goals the Communist authorities used propagandistic tools as well as physical and psychologically violence against peasant who refused to join the agricultural cooperatives. The article presents the methods used by the Communist regime in Budapest in order to achieve collectivization and the consequences this phenomenon had on the economical and social situation of the peasants as well on their state of mind.
Presently he studies the history of political dictatorship and the rural societies in Hungary. Introduction in social history co-author and coordinator, andThe paths of German social history in Modern Age co-author and coordinator,The spreading of political dictatorship in social area co-author, Maurer in Paris in the Summer of The author pursues to throw light on the mechanisms set in motion after the diplomatic negotiations, leading to rapprochement between Bucharest and Paris by the middle of the decade.
This year was a crucial moment for the Romanian-French rapprochement. Maurer, in Francein the summer of and its immediate results. One of the most important moment of the visit was the meeting between Maurer and the President of the French RepublicGeneral De Gaulle. PhD candidate with a theme devoted to Romanian-Soviet relations between andunder the guidance of Marie-Pierre Rey. Dragos Zamfirescu, PhD in History ; he is specialized in Romanian right extremism in the interwar period and totalitarian models in the postwar period.
Petre Opris is PhD in History, lieutenant colonel r. The author analyses the process of collectivization from a broader period perspective, by emphasizing the consequences of land reforms ofand The study achieves a structural analysis of collectivization duration, intensity, dynamics, methods as well as its consequences at psycho-cultural and demographic level.
The last part of the study is dedicated to a concise presentation of the situation in agriculture afteremphasizing the failure of the rural space modernization project and of structuring an agricultural field that would overcome the logic of a subsistence economy. Florin Abraham is Ph. The Foreign Factors Role, Inboth Poland and Romania shared a similar destiny: After the war ended both countries were economically and military integrated into organizations created by the Soviets: The rise of Polish Solidarnosc, in Augustgenerated reactions throughout the world.
In spite of the Romanian Communist regime repressiveness, Iulius Filip, a military master in Cluj-Napocasent a letter of solidarity to the Polish Sindicate. Ion Constantin is Ph.
The Katyn Massacres, N. The documents continue the series of historical accounts of the final stage of collectivisation of agriculture between and In that case, the abuses are objectively reflected by documents from Moldavia.
Octavian RoskePh. Repressive Mechanisms in Romania The Case of Ilie Tugui, The author was sentenced to seven years in prison, was incancerated in Targu Mures penitentiary and died on April 1,the official cause of death was suicide by hanging.
The Moscow talks, July ,I. The adoption of the R. Declaration in April generated a profound crisis at the level of Romanian-Soviet relations.
In order to ease the tensions between the two parts, a R. Both the Sovroms and Bessarabia were listed on the issues most vividly discussed. Vasile Buga is Ph.
D, senior researcher with N.
Arhivele Totalitarismului: CALL FOR PAPERS
The Fall of the Empire. Mihai Botez was a mathematician, a researcher in future studies and also one of the most important Romanian dissidents. The document we publish is an essay that Botez wrote totalitatismului for a conference organized in Madrid on the topic of European cultural space.
His text, entitled Intellectual, intellectuals and spaces without frontiers — an Eastern approach, discusses the problem of barriers blocking the free circulation of people and ideas.
In his paper, Mihai Botez emphasizes also the fact that the Western world had a distorted imagine of the Communist countries and in order to promote an Europe united through ideas, intellectuals had to become autonomous.
Romanian Intellectuals in the Communist ArchivesNemira, co-author. On June 9,the former president Ion Iliescu presented in N. The article presents the second part of the conference dedicated to discussions. Ion Iliescu — president of Romania, If initially the credits from the I. Florea Dumitrescu — Minister of Finance, ; he conducted the negociations with the I.
Ion Baurceanu was born in in Comanesti-Covurlui — Galati. He was arrested insubjected to a trial for anticommunist activity and sentenced to 15 years of forced labor, 5 years of civic degradation by the Bucharest Military Court.
He was pardoned inwhile he was imprisoned at Jilava. The article we publish respresent a short rememberance of his passing through the penitentiary of extermination from Aiud. Ion Baurceanu is a former political prisoner. From and untilthe State Committee for Nuclear Energy was the Romanian official organization granted with full powers over coordinating, budgeting and controlling the development of atomic research and production on national scale.
However, the centralization of the political decision in the area proved to be highly efficient, allowing a remarkable development of atomic and totalitarimsului domain in Romania.
Romanian Intellectuals in the Communist Archives, Nemiraco-author. The Commission was subordinated to the Council of Ministers and was conducted by a chairman. In the Gestapo hunted her because of the chronicles she wrote of the German movies presented in the theaters from Bucharest.
Adriana Georgescu was totalktarismului on 29 July She was brutally tortured her head hit by the walls, whipped with a sleeve filled with sanddrugged and raped in order totalitarismu,ui transform her in a traitor used for condemning the liberal figures.
Adriana Georgescu was sentenced, set free and then arrested again A. Georgescu succeeded in fleeing to West with the help of aryivele friends. She died on 29 Octoberin StevenageEngland. Neither his former colleagues remembered him differently, as seen in their memories.
Giurescu, spectator of his own destiny: Testimonies, BucharestMeronia, Publishing House Puteti cumpara la preturi fara concurenta numere din revista Arhivele Totalitarismului, precum si volume publicate de institutul nostru. A correspondence at least strange: The article tottalitarismului to decipher the hidden meanings of discussions between the allied leaders: Roosevelt concerning the opening of new totalitarismulyi against Nazi Germany.
A lfred Rosenberg was one of the most important Nazi leaders. From his position within the regime he had an important opportunity to act against Christianity.
The hatred against the Jews, which led to mass murder was one of the reasons Christianity was atacked and Jesus Christ himself disconsidered.
Rosenberg did not admit that he was wrong, not even at his trial, althought he had the chance. He died by hanging and he is known as the main Nazi ideologist beside Adolf Hitler. Nazism, Christianism, religion, ideology, anti-semitism. To accomplish this task, the Communist Party used on a massive scale, for the first time in world history, the instrument of the propaganda. In Romania, a country in which the process of stalinisation started on the 6 th of Marchthe first post-war elections offered a good opportunity for the communist propaganda machine to test its effectiveness, taking in consideration the consequences of the results of these elections for the Romanian Communist Party.
totalitarismylui This article explores the problems, results, ways of action and manifestation of the then-borning communist propaganda, with the occasion of the first two general elections in Romania after the Second World War.
C ommunism, propaganda, manipulation, election campaign, women, peasantry, workmen, highbrows. Narcis Popescu, Propaganda and satellization: The auspices under which the process of sovietization took place were specific to Stalinism.