Arthrogryposis (arthrogryposis multiplex congenita – AMC) is not a separate disease entity, but is rather a descriptive diagnosis used to denote. Arthrogryposis (multiplex congenita) is a clinical or imaging descriptor that denotes congenital non-progressive joint contractures involving two or more body. Okt. Property, Value. Name: Artrogriposis multiple congenita. Description: Filename: Artrogriposis múltiple congénita Filesize: kB.

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Amyoplasia, the most common type of arthrogryposis: Chest wall muscle abnormalities have also been observed, potentially causing restricted respiratory movements and, cingenita, pulmonary hypertension [ 81 ]. Scoliosis in arthrogryposis multiplex congenita.

Muscular dystrophies due to defective glycosylation of dystroglycan. Clinically the Escobar syndrome is characterized by facial dysmorphism, neck bucco-sternal webs, and hand contractures.

Drachman DB, Coulombre A.

Rare Disease Database

This is confirmed by experimental studies including chicken fetuses; their results indicate that the absence of active motion in embryonic joints caused by e. Congenital hypomyelination neuropathy with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita.

Synonyms or Mulgiple Spellings: The autosomal recessive multiple pterygium syndrome is characterized by palatoschisis, scoliosis, and malignant hyperthermia during general anesthesia.

Talectomy in the treatment of resistant talipes equinovarus deformity in myelomeningocoele and arthrogryposis. Foot deformities in arthrogryposis multiplex congenita. Ambulation in severe arthrogryposis.

Document Details | Artrogriposis multiple congenita

Soft tissue webbing may develop over the affected joints. Some affected individuals may have dislocated hips. Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita occurring with multiple sclerosis.

Anterior distal femoral stapling for correcting knee artrogripois contracture in children with arthrogryposis: Arthrogryposis is a group of clinical symptoms that can be observed in many different genetic syndromes; these may result from sporadic single-gene mutations e.

These other diagnoses could affect any organ in a patient. The wrist — most patients present with characteristic palmar flexion contracture with ulnar deviation and pronation of the hand. A nerve conduction study measures how rapidly nerves carry an electrical impulse. Many other surgeries are also able to improve function in joints of arthrogryposis patients.


Monstrum humanum extremitatibus incurvatus: Therapeutic interventions that are cornerstone in the treatment of AMC include: The most common universal symptom of AMC is limited or absent movement around small and large joints contractures.

Distal arthrogryposis This is a group of genetic disorders; they differ artrogripozus the sporadic classic arthrogryposis in that their inheritance is autosomal dominant. Please review our privacy policy. A common, sporadic condition with congenital contractures.

Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita – NORD (National Organization for Rare Disorders)

Edit article Share article View revision history. Am J Med Genet. Freeman Sheldon syndrome Case 2: A phenotypically identical presentation of arthrogryposis can sometimes be caused by mutations of different genes [ 66 ]. The diastrophic dysplasia gene encodes a novel sulphate transporter: Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita AMCor simply arthrogryposisdescribes congenital joint contracture in two or more areas of the body.

At least 10 different forms of distal arthrogryposis have been identified including Freeman-Sheldon syndrome, Gordon syndrome, trismus-pseudocamptodactyly congejita, multiple pterygium syndrome and Sheldon-Hall syndrome. According to Bamshad et al.

Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. Arthrogryposes — multiple joint contractures — are a clinically and etiologically heterogeneous class of diseases, where accurate diagnosis, recognition of the underlying pathology and classification are of key importance for the prognosis as well as for selection of appropriate management.

Early onset of deformity, pelvic obliquity, lumbar hyperlordosis and paralytic type of the curve are predictors of rapid progression and constitute indications for surgical corrections [ 95, ]. The lethal multiple pterygium syndrome is autosomal recessive; features include severe contractures, hypertelorism, cervical pterygia, narrow chest, and artrogripozks lungs. The central nervous system function is normal; the muscle tissue is often replaced with fatty and fibrous tissues.


Arthrogryposis: an update on clinical aspects, etiology, and treatment strategies

The treatment of recurrent arthrogrypotic club foot in children by the Ilizarov method. Journal of Children’s Orthopaedics. Restoration of elbow flexion using pectoral muscle transfer in patients with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita.

Ocular findings in distal arthrogryposis. In the neonate and infant, conservative treatment involves manipulations of the contracted joints with subsequent casting; this approach is more effective in correction of extension contractures [ — ]. Approximately one-third of individuals with AMC may have structural or functional abnormalities of the central nervous system.

Most contractures in arthrogryposis require treatment; this potentially involves multiple surgical corrections of the knees and hips, correction of spinal deformities, elbow and wrist contractures, foot deformities, and of dislocations commonly accompanying the contractures; of these, the hip and knee are the most commonly affected joints [ 2 — 4 ].

Correction of arthrogrypotic clubfoot with a modyfied Ponseti technique. All these deformities are characterized by usually extreme severity, difficulties in treatment and high tendency to relapse Figure 1 [ 6768 ].

Anterior distal femoral hemiepiphysodesis in the treatment in fixed flexion knee contracture in neuromuscular patients. In most affected individuals, the fingers are flexed and stiff.

Spectrum of features in pterygium syndrome. Years Published artrovripozis,, Fetal arthrogryposis and maternal serum antibodies.

Dominant and recessive central core disease associated with RYR1 mutations and fetal akinesia. J Bone Joint Surg Am.