Jacob Kounin is known for two studies regarding classroom management in the ‘s. His book, Discipline and Group Management in Classrooms, outside of the group may be having so that instruction may continue. Jacob Kounin () [Group Management]. Jacob Kounin, author of Discipline and Group Management in Classrooms developed a theory focused on. Best known for his two studies done in ○ He wrote the book, “Discipline and Group. Management in Classrooms”. ○ Kounin worked to combine both.

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The third role involved in effective teaching is classroom management.

The teacher is responsible for inhibiting poor behavior. His best-known work was done in the s, where he conducted two major case studies. One of instructionao benefits of using the effect size metric is that we can translate it into a percentile change relative to the average number of disruptions that occur in a classroom.

Kounin found that teaching style directly affects student behaviour, and that teachers who are organised, have well planned lessons, and are constantly aware of all students and happenings in their classroom will have success in preventing unwanted and off task behaviour. The time could be set for 30 minutes.

Classroom Management Theorists and Theories/Jacob Kounin

However, a number of programs address the insrructional skills associated with these two constructs. This technique allows the teacher to have an idea about those students who may cause an unwanted tangent and those who may have a good question, pertaining to utilise the time effectively.

The second involved 51 junior high school teachers.

These videos contain things you should avoid in dealing with student. For example, a pink card for Suzy, Bobbie, and Billy could stand for the Phonics station. Create your website today. The third and fourth studies, also conducted in the elementary and junior high schools, respectively, examined the impact of training in classroom management techniques based on findings from the first two studies.


Effective teachers move manafement the lessons at a brisk pace and appear to have very few slowdowns in the flow of activities. This also includes distractions from outside the classroom such as notes from the office or students walking through the hallways.

Often classroom misbehavior increases when a classroom moves from one task or activity to another.


From this observation, he concluded that there must be something a teacher could do mznagement prevent misbehavior in the first place, which would lead to more effective classroom management. One involved a content analysis of 86 chapters from annual research reviews, 44 handbook chapters, 20 government and commissioned reports, and 11 journal articles.

The belief is that doing this will show other students that they okunin not get away with this either. In a high school setting, a teacher needs to incorporate all of the aspects of Kounin’s philosophy in their teaching practice.

Jacob Kounin-Instructional Management Theory

If students are disorderly and disrespectful, and no apparent rules and procedures guide behavior, chaos becomes the norm. This website has been developed by web. Jacob Kounin, author of Discipline and Group Management in Classrooms developed a theory focused on preventing unwanted behaviour by implementing effective lesson management.

When instructing one group, a teacher should be able to acknowledge difficulties that students outside of the group may be having so that instruction may continue. An effective lesson pulls the student along. See the Appendix for a more detailed discussion of the meta-analysis and Marzano, a, for a technical description.

Make students aware that they will be graded for their participation and contributions to the group. Before this happened, most educators viewed their role as a straight-forward passing on of skills and knowledge to their students. In order for implementation to be effective the teacher must be well organized, communicate their expectations to their students, and hold them responsible for their actions to encourage motivation and attention.


Overlapping is the ability for a teacher to in a word, multi-task. The students can facilitate a discussion. The teacher should have communicated to all students the expectations and can have these displayed so everyone can be “with-it”.

Learn more about our permissions policy and submit your request online. Arranging the classroom so that all students are always within eyesight.

Classroom Management Theorists and Theories/Jacob Kounin – Wikibooks, open books for an open world

The very term withitness might instructionql it appear that this characteristic does not lend itself to development. We live in an era when research tells us that the teacher is probably the single most important factor affecting student achievement—at least the imstructional most important factor that we can do much about. The teacher should know each student on a personal basis i. This is why researchers assign a probability statement to their findings. Of the four elements outlined in Chapter 1, this is probably the most unusual, at least in terms of its title—mental set.

Stated differently, one behavioral characteristic of withitness is to periodically and systematically scan the classroom, noting the behaviors of individual students or groups of students.