Samia ricini, or the Eri silkworm, is raised in India and parts of the Orient for its silk. They will be a couple of days behind all the way through their life cycle. Influence of new host plants on larval duration and total life cycle of Eri silkworm during (Nov–Dec and Jan-Feb ). 3. Influence of new host plants on. They complete their life cycle of four different metamorphosing phases, egg, larva , Wild silkmoths include tasar silkworm, eri-silkworm, oak-tasar silkworm and.

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They should separate this evening, at which time the female will start laying eggs. Initially they feed on soft castor leaves but at later stages, worms can feed on mature leaves. At this stage they are transferred to spinning baskets containing dry leaves straws etc. Of this only larval stage is feeding period. Butterflies and moths of North America. The moths exhibit distinct sexual dimorphism.

Life Cycle of Various Silk Moths

The hair like newly cyvle larvae are yellow in colour [Fig. The active and inactive edi of life of tasar insects are controlled by environmental and hormonal factors. This moth was waiting on me when I got home from work this evening. In India, it cycls cultivated mainly in the North-Eastern states including Assam.

Just before spinning cocoons they stop feeding and excrete the whole excreta from the alimentary canal. One person releases the filaments from cocoons while the other twists the filament into one thread and wind it on Bhir.

The wild sericigenous insects like tasar silkworms have in due course of time came to stay as semi-domestic for the regular efforts and interests that revolved round its economic utility. So, the thread can only be spun and not reeled. It accounts for 2.

The eggs are white, oval and covered with a gummy substance, which makes them adhere to one another. In wild, cocoons are spun between folds of leaves. It is from August to December that the tasar insects are active and for the rest of the year they are si,kworm i.


Soon after the emergence, the silk moths mate, lay eggs and die. Their primary food plants are Asan, Arjun, Sal, Oak etc. This caterpillar has just shed into its fourth instar. For speedy and healthy growth of the offshoots, it is necessary to give proper care and attention to host plants which includes ploughing, manuring, watering, and prunning at regular intervals.

The spots are of various types; single, double, zebra and semi-zebra. The difference in color will disappear once it has aged in its new skin for a while. When the leaves are exhausted, the larvae crawl down and are collected on triangular bamboo sieves with long handles Chaloni Fig.

Rearing of Silkworms: Life Cycle and other details on Silkworms

Then the silk thread is spun from open ended eri or tasar cocoons and from pierced muga cocoons that have been used for breeding or those found in jungles Fig. There is an ever-increasing demand for tasar silk owing to its strength, luster and copper brown colour. So they are cultivated in places where their host plants are available.

The cocoon is golden brown or glossy white. For the production of standard variety of raw silk latest technology is employed for the speedy and economical reeling of raw silk.

Tasar silk fiber has its own distinctive color, is coarse to feel, og has higher tensile strength, elongation, and stress-relaxation values than the mulberry silk fiber secreted by Bombyx mori Iizuka, ; Rajkhowa, They hatch out in about 8—12 days.

The muga cocoon is compact and lifr in structure. The secondary food plants are Manihot utilissima Tapioca.

This is a single larva, close up. The newly hatched larva is characterized by prominent black intersegmental markings over the yellowish body with brown head. Total larval period lasts for days. With the help of their mandibulate type of mouth-parts they feed on the tender leaves of host-plants. Wild silkmoths are reared on wild trees but can also be slkworm and bred under complete human control. Two persons can reel around gm raw silk per day on an average.


It is less lustrous but coarser than mulberry silk. Yellow and grey males and brown females are rare.

Female has yellowish grey wings and males possess yellowish red wings with prominent eye spots on each wing Fig. Castor, the host plant of eri moth is mainly used in other parts of India for production of seed as a valuable material; but in N. Third, fourth, and fifth llife caterpillars are all covered with a fine white powder. Large amount of excreta, dirty products and remains of leaves may fall on the trays from the holes of the upper trays.

The body colour changes gradually to pure yellow by the end of the third day. Kusuma Rajaiah of A. They took most of a whole day to finish, and I imagine they’re continuing on the inside.

The larvae ctcle voraciously, pass through 4 moults and reach the mature stage. They excrete their last excreta and begin to secrete the sticky secretions from the silk-gland through a very narrow pore situated on the hypopharynx.

Life Cycle of Various Silk Moths

The obtect adectious pupa does not depart from the basic saturniidae pattern. Any building or thatch which is well ventilated may be used for rearing the worms, but mud-walled thatched houses are the best as they are cool in summer and warm in winter season.

The silk is not lf like Bombyx morithe mulberry silkworm, so it is spun into a yarn which is both soft and durable.